5 or 6 Cats? Here’s How Many Litter Boxes You’ll Need

Are you a proud owner of 5 or 6 cats?

If so, you may wonder how many litter boxes you should have in your home.

While it may seem simple, the answer can vary depending on several factors.

This article will explore the ideal number of litter boxes for 5 or 6 cats and provide some helpful tips to keep your furry friends happy and healthy.

According to experts, the general rule of thumb is to have one litter box per cat plus one extra.

This means that for 5 cats, you should have 6 litter boxes; for 6 cats, you should have 7.

However, this is just a guideline, and there are other factors to consider, such as the size of your home, the layout of your living space, and the preferences of your cats.

Enough litter boxes are crucial for maintaining a healthy and happy home for your cats.

If there are not enough litter boxes, your cats may start to avoid them, leading to unpleasant accidents around your home.

By providing enough litter boxes, you can ensure that your cats have a clean and comfortable place to do their business, and you can enjoy a clean and odor-free home.

Cats eating their food in the house

8 Litter Box Space Considerations

Having enough clean litter boxes in optimal locations is crucial for keeping cats happy and healthy.

When setting up litter boxes in your home, there are several important factors to consider:

  1. Have at least 1 litter box per floor the cats have access to.
  2. Consider your cats' territories - give each cat their own litter box in a separate area.
  3. Avoid high-traffic areas, loud appliances, and near food/water bowls.
  4. Make sure litter boxes are large enough for your cats.
  5. Use litter box furniture or smaller boxes if you have limited space.
  6. Don't place boxes near furniture; cats need privacy.
  7. Give each cat their own space to prevent territorial disputes.

Also read: Cat Litter Area Ideas [10 Ways To Make Your Cats’ Space Their Own]

Understanding the Importance of Litter Boxes for Multiple Cats

In multi-cat households, providing each cat with its own litter box is important.

This can help prevent litter box avoidance and inappropriate elimination and reduce stress and aggression among cats.

The general rule of thumb is to have one litter box per cat plus one extra.

So, if you have three cats, you should have four litter boxes. This may seem like a lot, but it's essential for maintaining a healthy and happy environment for your cats.

When choosing litter boxes, consider your cats' individual preferences.

Some cats prefer open boxes, while others prefer covered boxes. Ensuring the litter boxes are large enough for your cats to use comfortably is also important.

Here are some other tips for keeping your cats' litter boxes clean and sanitary:

  • Scoop the litter boxes daily and completely clean them once a week.
  • Use a litter that your cats like and that does not track easily.
  • Place the litter boxes in quiet, private locations.
  • Avoid placing litter boxes near food or water bowls.

Also read: How Many Litter Boxes Should You Have for One Cat?

Choosing the Right Litter Box

When selecting a litter box for your cats, there are several factors to consider for their comfort and ease of maintenance:


Choose a box large enough for your cats to use comfortably. Larger boxes are better for bigger cats.

Also read: 7 Extra Large Litter Boxes That Can Fit Your Large Cat

Hooded or Unhooded

Hooded boxes offer more privacy but can feel confining. Unhooded allows for more openness but less seclusion. Consider your cats' preferences.

Automatic Litter Boxes

Automatic boxes scoop waste into a separate compartment for easier cleaning. However, some cats dislike noise and motion.

Also read: 12 Top Self-Cleaning Litter Boxes


Boxes come in various designs, from basic plastic to stylish décor-friendly options. While appearance may not be critical, consider aesthetics based on your home.

Also read: How to Choose a Litter Box for Your Cat

Dealing with Litter Box Problems

Litter box issues in cats can arise from factors like cleanliness preferences or health problems. Identifying the cause is key to addressing the issue effectively.


Accidents can occur with multiple cats sharing a litter box. To prevent this, ensure you have enough litter boxes – one per cat, plus an extra one.


Stress can cause litter box issues in cats. In multi-cat homes, reduce stress by giving each cat space, including separate feeding and sleeping areas.


Cat fights can cause litter box issues, with bullied cats avoiding the box. If your cats fight, separate them and give each their own space.

Health Issues

Health issues can lead to litter box avoidance. If your cat is in pain or discomfort, they may shun the box. Ensure regular vet check-ups to keep them healthy.

Also read: Why Does My Cat Act Scared Of The Litter Box?

Odor Control and Mess Prevention

Managing multiple cats involves addressing litter box odors and messes.

To control odors, scoop litter boxes daily, use a carbon-filtered box, and select absorbent, odor-neutralizing litter like clumping litter.

To prevent messes, opt for high-sided litter boxes and place a litter mat underneath to catch stray litter.

These measures help maintain a clean, fresh-smelling home despite multiple cats.

Also read: Best Litter Boxes for Odor Control That Will Keep Your Home Smelling Fresh

Keep Your Furry Friends Happy

Maintaining a harmonious multi-cat household can be as simple as setting up the right litter box arrangement.

By offering each cat their own litter box plus an extra one, placing them thoughtfully throughout your home, and keeping them clean, you can keep your feline companions happy and healthy in their living space.

With some planning and effort, your 5 or 6 cats can live together in litter box bliss!